Utopia and Dystopia
The dream of a golden age, first expressed by
and philosophical writings such as Plato's
a recurring theme in literature.
Many have attempted to define the ideal society.
For some, the dream has turned into a nightmare, a dystopia.
This page includes the best of these speculations.
by Sir Thomas More 
Mores' work is a fictional travelogue to a country named 'Utopia', which means 'nowhere' in Greek.
The New Atlantis
The City of the Sun
by Francis Bacon 
A short utopian travelogue by the inventor of the scientific method.
by Tommaso Campanella 
Along with More, Campanella wrote one of the first early modern utopias.
Symzonia: Voyage of Discovery
by Adam Seaborn, (pseud. John Cleves Symmes?) 
One of the rarest Hollow Earth books: a perilous sea journey to a utopian society in the inner earth, possibly the first American utopian science fiction novel.
tr. by Benjamin Jowett 
One of the first speculations about a planned society.
Erewhon, or Over the Range
by Samuel Butler 
An influential 19th century satiric dystopia.
The Communistic Societies of the United States
by Charles Nordhoff 
Firsthand view of the 19th century US communal living movement, including the Shakers.
by Edward Bellamy 
Bellamy's classic utopian vision of the year 2000.
by Ignatius Donnelly 
Donnelly's dystopian novel with a utopian twist.
This book contains many
19th century assumptions which may test your limits of political
correctness, along with some stupifyingly correct predictions.
News from Nowhere
by William Morris 
William Morris' vision of a socialist England.
Unveiling a Parallel
by Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Merchant 
A trip to Mars, where a strange society which practices equality of the sexes.
A Modern Utopia
by H.G. Wells 
Wells' 'novel of ideas' set on a parallel Earth.
The Iron Heel
by Jack London 
Jack London's dystopian vision of a brutal future past.
Garden Cities of To-morrow
by Ebenezer Howard 
A very influential early city planner's vision of the city of the future--which became a very successful reality.
by Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman 
Visit a land where women are the only gender.
They reproduce asexually, and worship a goddess. Classic of feminist scifi.
The Story of Utopias
by Lewis Mumford 
A survey of the literature of utopias, by a pioneer of city planning.